The History of the Knights Templar in relation Scottish chronology

Discussion in 'The York Rite' started by Blake Bowden, Dec 8, 2009.

  1. Blake Bowden

    Blake Bowden Administrator Staff Member

    The History of the medieval Order is so well known, and has been published in so many other places, that there seems little point in providing a comprehensive account here. We have, therefore, opted to provide a ‘time-line’ of Scottish history in order that the place of the Knights Templar within it might be might be more easily understood.

    Even that option has limited use as there is a major break in the time-line (1312 - 1804) and therefore it must be considered to be two time-lines, one for the original medieval Order of the Knights Templar and the other for the ‘revival’ of the Order as manifest in the creation of the Scottish Masonic version c.1804. The time line below is relative to Scotland.

    We have recently incorporated the dates of the foundation of the Scottish Collegiate Churches. We have done so because Rosslyn Chapel and the alleged connections with the Knights Templar and Freemasonry are nearly always considered in isolation, that is, a subject in its own right. However, history is not ‘compartmentalised’ in little boxes and thus ignoring other Collegiate Churches suggests that Rosslyn Chapel was the only such church in Scotland.

    In the list below the date of the foundation of the collegiate church is given together with its’ name and the individual or family responsible for its’ foundation.

    Date Event
    1067 First Mention of the St Clairs in Scotland (In the Genealogie….)
    1099 Donald III dies. Last king to be buried on Iona
    1113 Selkirk Abbey founded
    1118 Knights Templar founded in Jerusalem
    1124 David I becomes king. Later grants land to KT
    1128 Holyrood and Kelso Abbeys founded
    1136 Melrose Abbey established
    1138 St Magnus Catherdral, Orkney, begun
    1138 Jedburgh Abbey founded
    1140 Dryburgh Abbey established
    1142 Dundrennan Abbey founded
    1151 Founding of Kinloss Abbey
    1153 David I dies
    1160 Founding of Saddell Abbey
    1163 Paisley Abbey comes in to being
    1165 Wiilliam I (’the Lion’) enthroned
    1178 An abbey is erected at Arbroath
    1214 William the Lion dies, Alexander II king
    1227 Balmerino Abbey founded
    1248 First Collegiate Church in Scotland established at St Andrews
    (by the church not a family)

    1249 Alexander II dies, his son, Alexander III become king
    1251 Alexander married Margaret of England
    1274 William Wallace and Robert the Bruce both born in this year
    1278 Alexander visits Edward I in London
    1286 Alexander III dies
    1291 Edward I asked to arbitrate between 13 competitors to the throne
    1291 Knights Templar suffer a defeat at Acre. As a fighting force they cease to exist.
    1292 Edward favours John Balliol who is crowned in November
    1295 The ‘Auld Alliance’ created by a ‘mutual defence’ treaty with France
    1296 Balliol defies Edward who invades Scotland and steals the Stone of Destiny
    1297 Wallace rises and defeats English at Stirling Bridge
    1298 Edward invades Scotland and defeats Wallace at Falkirk. The Grand Master of the Knight Templar and his Lieutenant are killed fight with the English forces

    1301 Scots in Rome to plead Scotland’s case to the Pope
    1302 Robert the Bruce does fealty to Edward I
    1302 The new Knights Templar (recruited after Acre 1291) are wiped out at Raud
    1303 Scots victorious at the battle of Roslin (24th Feb)
    1305 Wallace captured and executed
    1306 Robert the Bruce murders John ‘the Red’ Comyn at Dumfries (10th Feb)
    1306 Robert crowned king at Scone (25th March)
    1306 Battle of Methven, Bruce defeated. (19th June)
    1307 Battle of Loudon Hill, inconclusive (May)
    1307 Edward I dies (July)
    1307 Knights Templar in France arrested by Phillip IV (13th October)
    1307 October - the earliest fugitive KT could have come to Scotland/Argyle
    1307 Battle of Inverurie (24th December)
    1308 Battle of Brander Pass. The MacDougall’s of Argyll defeated (15th August)
    1309 Robert I’s first Parliament, held at St Andrews, Phillip of France’s request that the Knights Templar in Scotland be arrested is discussed. Outcome not known
    1312 The medieval Order of the Knights Templar dissolved by the Council of Vienne

    Knight Templar property transferred to the Knights of St John (Hospitallers)

    1312 Medieval Order of Knight Templar extinct
    1314 Scottish forces under Robert I are victorious at the Battle of Bannockburn (23rd - 24th June)
    1316 Edward Bruce crowned king of Ireland
    1318 Last English stronghold in Scotland, Berwick-on-Tweed, retaken by the Scots

    1318 Edward Bruce killed in battle

    Source: Knights Templar | Rosslyn Templars
  2. Bookend

    Bookend Registered User

    As I have stated previosly, elsewhere, there is no mention in this chronology of any connection of the St. Clairs (or Sinclairs) of Roslin (Rosslyn) with the Knights Templar. Likewise, when visiting the page that is linked to this article and finding reference to the Sinclairs, again the Knights Templar do not receive a mention. However, there is reference to the book, "The Genealogie of the Saintclaires of Rosslyn", stating that it is soon to be produced by the Grand Lodge of Scotland. The book (of which I have a copy) was printed in 2002 (ISBN 0 902324 63 2) and clearly shows that the only connection of the Sinclairs with the Knights Templar is that the chapel is built on land formerly held by that Order of knighthood. Incidentally, the very word "knight" used to be a derogatory term to describe those Anglo-Saxons who, rather than oppose the Norman invasion of England and, in order to keep their lands, "bent their knee" in homage to William the Conqueror.

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