Brief History of Haiti Freemasonry.

Discussion in 'Masonic Education' started by drapetomaniac, Feb 4, 2010.

  1. drapetomaniac

    drapetomaniac Premium Member Premium Member

    from History of freemasonry By Albert Gallatin Mackey, William James Hughan

    Hispaniola or Haiti and Santo Domingo was called by Columbus Espanola (Hispaniola or Little Spain), the native name was Haiti (Highlands) and after the first settlement the Island received the name Santo Domingo. When Spain gave up the Western section to France in 1677 the name Haiti was reserved for the west part, Santo Domingo for the east, and Hispaniola for the whole Island.

    Two Lodges under French control were authorized in 1749. Four others followed in 1763, 1765, 1767 and 1772, and a Provincial Grand Lodge was formed by the Grand Orient of France on October 1, 1778. Six additional Lodges chartered by the French were set at work in 1774, 1775, 1779, 1783, 1784 and 1785.

    The Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania granted a Charter for a Lodge in 1786 at Cape Francois, and another Warrant to a Lodge at Port au Prince in 1789.

    A Dispensation was issued for a six-months' period by the Grand Lodge of New York on December 4, 1793, to brethren "driven from the Island of Santo Domingo" that they might meet in New York City. John G. Barker's Early History of the Grand Lodge of the State of New York says that the Provincial Grand Master of Santo Domingo and four of his Grand Lodge Officers were among these exiles during the Haitian Revolution.

    Several other Lodges, nine in all, were instituted by the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania from 1786 to 1803. Some French Lodges were revived in 1806. Two Lodges, No. 603, "L'Amitie des Freres Reunis" (Friendship of Reunited Brothers), and No. 604, "L'Heureuse Reunion" (Happy Reunion) were chartered by the "Moderns" Grand Lodge of England in 1809, and a Provincial Grand Master, Brother John Goff, was appointed in 1811.

    The English Provincial Grand Lodge was with the coming of peace in 1822 evolved into a Grand Lodge of Haiti on May 23, 1823, General Ingiguac being Grand Master. A Constitution was adopted on January 24, 1824. The Supreme Council of France established five Lodges after 1830, and the Grand Orient of that country chartered "Les Mages du Tropique" (Magi or Sages of the Tropics) at'Cayes in 1831.

    The Grand Lodge of Haiti became a Grand Orient in 1836, doubtless to unite as far as practicable the various Rites under one head. Revolution again interposed and the progress of the Brotherhood was officially hampered by war but pursuing as ever its ministry among the sorely tried Fraternity. The Grand Orient was revived under peaceful conditions, became associated by Treaty with the Grand Orient of France, and by 1851 had thirty-one Lodges with forty-nine other bodies claiming to be Masonic.

    Santo Domingo separated from Haiti on February 27, 1844, and formed a Republic. A Grand Orient of Santo Domingo was established on December 11, 1858, by Lodges first chartered by the Grand Orient of Haiti. A Grand Lodge of the Dominican Republic was organized on January 26, 1865, and a Supreme Council created on October 22, of that year, the two uniting as a National Grand Orient on January 1, 1866.

    The Grand Lodge of Spain chartered Lodge No. 251, "Alianza" at Santo Domingo, and also established "Aurora" Lodge at San Pedro de Macoris, the latter Lodge surviving. The Grand Lodge of France has also long preserved "Les Philadelphes" Lodge instituted at Jacmel, Haiti, in 1837.

    The Grand Orient of Haiti, said to be founded in 1824, had sixty-four Lodges on the Register in 1914. At the same date the Independent National Grand Lodge of Santo Domingo was credited with thirteen Lodges.

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